Toothache, woman with painful toothToothache is pain or inflammation in or around the tooth. The pulp inside your tooth is filled with nerves, tissues and blood vessels which are among the most sensitive in your body, so when these are irritated, inflamed or infected they can cause considerable pain.


Toothache can range from a dull ache or soreness to sharp, debilitating pain in or around the tooth. It may be continually present, or you may suddenly feel it when you eat or drink something, or brush or floss your teeth. Toothache can feel worse at night because we are lying down, causing more blood to rush to our heads and exacerbating that pain in our mouths.

Sometimes toothache can feel like earache or sinus pain.

Causes of Toothache

The most common cause of toothache is inflammation or an infection in the inner pulp of the tooth, brought on by tooth decay, a loose or broken filling or a crack in your tooth.

In some cases toothache can be due to sensitivity, triggered by eating or drinking hot or cold foods. Although this type of pain usually doesn’t last more than a few seconds, any pain that lasts for longer should be checked by your dentist.

Other causes include receding gums, impacted teeth, grinding your teeth or even a new filling, crown or bridge that may need to be adjusted.


Over-the-counter painkillers can provide temporary relief. However, for any type of toothache that is recurring or lasts for more than a few minutes, it is important to see your dentist for diagnosis and treatment before the situation deteriorates further. Tooth decay and infections should be treated as soon as possible. Depending on the cause of the problem, treatment may involve fillings or root canals to remove the decay or infected matter and protect the remaining tooth.

If you have toothache or any pain or discomfort in your mouth, please contact us for an assessment. We can diagnose the problem and provide you with a range of treatment options.